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Fundations  

Here are the skills and concepts that will be covered in our phonics program this year.

Unit 1
letter-keyword-sound for consonants and short vowels
letter formation
alphabetical order
sound recognition for consonants and short vowels
        
Unit 2
phonemic awareness skills: sound manipulation (initial/final/medial)
blending and reading three-sound short vowel words
segmenting and spelling three-sound short vowel words
sentence dictation: capitalization & punctuation (period)
proofreading

Unit 3
phoneme segmentation
concept of consonant digraph, keywords and sounds: wh, ch, sh, th, ck
spelling of ck at end of words
punctuation (questions mark)
        
Unit 4
bonus letter spelling rule: ff, ll, ss
glued sound: all
punctuation: exclamation point

Unit 5
glued sounds: am, an
        
Unit 6
baseword and suffix with the suffix -s
plural words

Unit 7
glued sounds: ang, ing, ong, ung, ank, ink, onk, unk
blending and reading words with ng and nk
segmenting and spelling words with ng and nk
        
Unit 8
consonant blends and digraph blends
blending and reading words with up to four sounds
segmenting and spelling words with up to four sounds
suffix -s added to words with four sounds

Unit 9
closed syllables
        
Unit 10
closed syllables with blends (5 sounds plus suffix -s)
segmenting and blending up to 5 sounds

Unit 11
concept of syllable in multisyllabic words
compound words
syllable division rules for closed syllables: compound words and between two vowels
reading and spelling words with two closed syllables
        
Unit 12
suffix -es added to basewords with closed syllables

Unit 13
suffixes -ed, -ing added to unchanging basewords with closed syllables
        
Unit 14
vowel-consonant-e syllable in one-syllable words
long vowel sounds


Click here to see the high frequency words and Fundations "Trick Words" your child should know by the end of first grade.

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